Understanding the links between ecosystem service trade-offs and conflicts in protected areas

Kovács, Eszter and Kelemen, Eszter and Kalóczkai, Ágnes and Margóczi, Katalin and Pataki, György and Gébert, Judit and Málovics, György and Balázs, Bálint and Mihók, Barbara (2015) Understanding the links between ecosystem service trade-offs and conflicts in protected areas. ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: SCIENCE, POLICY AND PRACTICE, 12. pp. 117-127. ISSN 2212-0416

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Abstract Land use changes induced by nature conservation regulation and management practices, especially in protected areas, often result in trade-offs between ecosystem services (ESs). Exploring trade-offs between ESs and linking them with stakeholders can help reveal the potential losers and winners of land use changes. In this paper, we demonstrate that ES trade-offs do not always go hand in hand with conflicts. The perception of local stakeholders about trade-offs between ESs at three protected sites in the Great Hungarian Plain were assessed through qualitative methods. In all areas significant conservation measures had been introduced since the 1990s resulting in land use changes. Locals (farmers at each site and inhabitants at one site) were the main ‘losers’ of the land use changes and related ES trade-offs, while there were many winners at different spatial and temporal scales. Conflicts appeared only between locals and the national park directorates, and not between locals and other beneficiaries of the new ESs. Due to scale mismatch, locals might not be in direct contact with other stakeholders, and vice versa, and therefore there is no interface between them for confrontation and negotiation. Integrating scale into the analysis also helps in advising policy instruments to minimise local-level conflicts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Protected areas; SCALE; Land use conflicts; Qualitative Research; TRADE-OFFS; ecosystem services
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GE Environmental Sciences / környezettudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering / környezetvédelem, hulladékkezelés, egészségügyi mérnöki technika (ivóvízellátási és szennyvízkezelési technika)
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2016 07:54
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 07:54

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