Clay mineralogy of the Boda Claystone Formation (Mecsek Mts., SW Hungary)

Németh, Tibor and Máthé, Zoltán and Pekker, Péter and Dódony, István and Kovács Kis, Viktória and Sipos, Péter and Cora, Ildikó and Kovács, Ivett (2016) Clay mineralogy of the Boda Claystone Formation (Mecsek Mts., SW Hungary). Open Geosciences, 8. pp. 259-274. ISSN 2391-5447

[img] Text
Nemeth et al_BAF_OGS.pdf - Submitted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (4MB)
[Open Geosciences] Clay mineralogy of the Boda Claystone Formation (Mecsek Mts., SW Hungary).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (13MB) | Preview


Boda Claystone Formation (BCF) is the host rock of the planned site for high level nuclear waste repository in Hungary. Samples representing the dominant rock types of BCF were studied: albitic claystone, claystone with high illite content, and analcime bearing claystone. Clay minerals in these three rock types were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and thermal analysis (DTA-TG), and the results were discussed from the point of view of the radionuclide sorption properties being studied in the future. Mineral compositions of bulk BCF samples vary in wide ranges. In the albitic sample, besides the dominant illite, few percent of chlorite represents the layer silicates in the clay fraction. Illite is the dominating phase in the illitic sample, with a few percent of chlorite. HRTEM study revealed that the thickness of illite particles rarely reaches 10 layers, usually are of 5-6 TOT layer thick. Illite crystals are generally thicker in the albitic sample than in the illitic one. The significant difference between the clay mineral characterisitics of the analcimous and the other two samples is that the former contains regularly interstratified chlorite/smectite beside the dominant illite. Based on the structural and chemical data two illite type minerals are present in the BCF samples: 1M polytype containing octahedral Fe and Mg besides Al, 2M polytype illite generally is free of Fe and Mg. Close association of very thin illite plates and nanosized hematite crystals is typical textural feature for BCF. The goal of this study is to provide solid mineralogical basis for further studies focusing on radionuclide sorption properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: dr Tibor Németh
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2016 22:31
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 22:31

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item