UV-B radiation increases anthocyanin levels in cotyledons and inhibits the growth of common buckwheat seedlings

Dębski, Henryk and Szwed, Magdalena and Wiczkowski, WiesŁaw and Szawara-Nowak, Dorota and Bączek, Natalia and Horbowicz, Marcin (2016) UV-B radiation increases anthocyanin levels in cotyledons and inhibits the growth of common buckwheat seedlings. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 67 (4). pp. 403-411. ISSN 0236-5383


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The impact of short-term UV-B treatment on the content of individual flavonoids and photosynthetic pigments in cotyledons and the growth of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) seedlings was investigated. Seeds of four common buckwheat cultivars were germinated in darkness over a period of 4 days and acclimatized for 2 days under a 16/8 h light/dark photoperiod at 24/18 °C day/night, and exposure to 100–120 μmol ∙ m<sup>−2</sup> ∙ s<sup>−1</sup> of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Seedlings were divided into three batches, including two batches subjected to different doses of UV-B (5 W ∙ m<sup>−2</sup> and 10 W ∙ m<sup>−2</sup>, one hour per day) for 5 days, and a control group exposed to PAR only. Exposure to UV-B increased anthocyanin levels in the cotyledons of all examined cultivars, it inhibited hypocotyl elongation, but did not affect the content of photosynthetic pigments. Flavone concentrations increased in cv. Red Corolla and Kora, remained constant in cv. Panda and decreased in cv. Hruszowska. Exposure to UV-B decreased rutin levels in cv. Hruszowska, but not in the remaining cultivars. Cultivars Hruszowska, Panda and Kora appeared to be less resistant to UV-B than Red Corolla. Higher resistance to UV-B radiation in Red Corolla can probably be attributed to its higher content of anthocyanins and rutin in comparison with the remaining cultivars.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 09:36
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2017 00:17

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