Interaction of different potassium channels in cardiac repolarization in dog ventricular preparations: role of repolarization reserve

Biliczki, Péter and Virág, László and Iost, Norbert and Papp, Julius Gyula and Varró, András (2002) Interaction of different potassium channels in cardiac repolarization in dog ventricular preparations: role of repolarization reserve. British Journal of Pharmacology, 137 (3). pp. 361-368. ISSN 0007-1188

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1 The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of the interaction of different potassium channels in dog ventricular muscle, by applying the conventional microelectrode and whole cell patch-clamp techniques at 37degreesC. 2 Complete block of I-Kr by 1 mum dofetilide lengthened action potential duration (APD) by 45.6+/-3.6% at 0.2 Hz (n = 13). Chromanol 293B applied alone at 10 mum (a concentration which selectively blocks I-Ks) did not markedly lengthen APD (< 7%), but when repolarization had already been prolonged by complete I-Kr block with 1 mum dofetilide, inhibition of I-Ks with 10 muM chromanol 293B substantially delayed repolarization by 38.5+/-8.2% at 0.2 Hz (n = 6). 3 BaCl2, at a concentration of 10 mum which blocks I-K1 without affecting other currents, lengthened APD by 33.0+/-3.1% (n = 11), but when I-Kr was blocked with 1 mum dofetilide, 10 pm BaCl2 produced a more excessive rate dependent lengthening in APD, frequently (in three out of seven preparations) initiating early afterdepolarizations. 4 These findings indicate that if only one type of potassium channels is inhibited in dog ventricular muscle, excessive APD lengthening is not likely to occur. Dog ventricular myocytes seem to repolarize with a strong safety margin ('repolarization reserve'). However, when this normal 'repolarization reserve' is attenuated, otherwise minimal or moderate potassium current inhibition can result in excessive and potentially proarrhythmic prolongation of the ventricular APD. Therefore, application of drugs which are able to block more than one type of potassium channel is probably more hazardous than the use of a specific inhibitor of one given sort of potassium channel, and when simultaneous blockade of several kinds of potassium channel may be presumed, a detailed study is needed to define the determinants of 'repolarization reserve'.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2013 13:59
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2013 13:59

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