Effect of particle size on the surface properties and morphology of ground flax

Csiszár, Emília and Fekete, Erika and Tóth, András and Bandi, Éva and Koczka, Béla and Sajó, István E. (2013) Effect of particle size on the surface properties and morphology of ground flax. Carbohydrate Polymers, 94. pp. 927-933. ISSN 0144-8617

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Flax fibers were ground with a ball-mill and four fractions with different size ranges were collected by sieving. These were tested for water sorption, degree of polymerization (DP), copper number, hydroxyl number and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and inverse gas chromatography (IGC). Significant differences were found between the properties of the flax fiber and those of the ground versions, including fragmentation of fibers, increase of water sorption, copper number, hydroxyl number and surface O/C ratio, and decrease of DP, crystallite size and dispersive component of surface energy (gammasd). Some parameters depended on the particle size: O/C ratio and hydroxyl number had local maxima at 315-630 μm, while gammasd increased steadily with the decrease of particle size. These relationships were explained by fiber disintegration, destruction of waxy surface layer, exposure of cellulosic components, increase of surface area and crystalline imperfections.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flax, Grinding, Surface composition, Morphology, Crystallite size, Inverse gas chromatography
Subjects: T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TS Manufactures / különféle iparágak, ipari termékek > TS40 Textile industry / textilipar
Depositing User: Dr. András Tóth
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 09:53
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2023 12:33

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