Genetic effects on refraction and correlation with hemodynamic variables: A twin study

Toth, G.Zs. and Tarnoki, Adam and Tarnoki, D.L. and Racz, A. and Szekelyhidi, Z. and Littvay, L. and Karlinger, K. and Lannert, A. and Molnar, A.A. and Garami, Zs. and Berczi, V. and Suveges, I. and Nemeth, J. (2014) Genetic effects on refraction and correlation with hemodynamic variables: A twin study. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 101 (3). pp. 309-320. ISSN 0231-424X

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Spherical equivalent (SE) has not been linked to increased cardiovascular morbidity. Methods: 132 Hungarian twins (age 43.3±16.9 years) underwent refraction measurements (Huvitz MRK-3100 Premium AutoRefractokeratometer) and oscillometry (TensioMed Arteriograph). Results: Heritability analysis indicated major role for genetic components in the presence of right and left SE (82.7%, 95%CI, 62.9 to 93.7%, and 89.3%, 95%CI, 72.8 to 96.6%), while unshared environmental effects accounted for 17% (95%CI, 6.3% to 37%), and 11% (95%CI, 3.4% to 26.7%) of variations adjusted for age and sex. Bilateral SE showed weak age-dependent correlations with augmentation index (AIx), aortic pulse wave velocity (r ranging between 0.218 and 0.389, all p < 0.01), aortic systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure (r between 0.188 and 0.289, p < 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support heritability of spherical equivalent, which does not coexist with altered hemodynamics (e.g. accelerated arterial aging). Accordingly, SE and the investigated hemodynamic parameters seem neither phenotypically nor genetically associated. Keywords: arterial stiffness, augmentation index, genetics, heritability, refraction

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 07:11
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 07:11

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