Effect of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Ferumoxtran-10) on human monocyte-macrophages in vitro

Müller, Karin and Skepper, Jeremy N. and Pósfai, Mihály and Trivedi, Rikin and Howarth, Simon and Corot, Claire and Lancelot, Eric and Thompson, Paul W. and Brown, Andrew P. and Gillard, Jonathan H. (2007) Effect of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Ferumoxtran-10) on human monocyte-macrophages in vitro. Biomaterials, 28 (9). pp. 1629-1642. ISSN 0142-9612

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Ferumoxtran-10, a dextran-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particle, has the potential to reveal macrophages in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging potentially acting as a marker of inflammatory status. Pending clinical trials, we examined the interactions of Ferumoxtran-10 with human monocyte-macrophages (HMMs) in vitro to assess its safety and lack of pro-inflammatory activity. After 72 h, Ferumoxtran-10 was not toxic at 1 mg/ml and may be only mildly toxic at 10 mg/ml. Viability in cells with a high intracellular Ferumoxtran-10 load was not affected over 14 days. Ferumoxtran-10 did not interfere with baseline or stimulated cytokine (interleukin-12, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-α or interleukin-1β) or superoxide anion production or with Fc-receptor-mediated phagocytosis. Similarly, Ferumoxtran-10 did not induce cytokine production and was not chemotactic. High-resolution electron microscopy and selected-area electron diffraction confirmed the core of Ferumoxtran-10 is composed of crystalline magnetite. Bright field transmission electron microscopy of thin sections demonstrated that Ferumoxtran-10 was retained in lysosomes of HMM for several days. Ferumoxtran-10 is not toxic to HMMs in vitro, does not activate them to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines or superoxide anions, is not chemotactic and does not interfere with Fc-receptor-mediated phagocytosis. Furthermore, extremely high intracellular Ferumoxtran-10 concentrations had only slight or no effects on these key activities.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD06 Mineralogy / ásványtan
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) / általános mérnöki tudományok
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 17 May 2013 06:37
Last Modified: 17 May 2013 06:47

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