The role of age, gender, mood states and exercise frequency on exercise dependence

Costa, Sebastiano and Hausenblas, Heather A. and Oliva, Patrizia and Cuzzocrea, Francesca and Larcan, Rosalba (2013) The role of age, gender, mood states and exercise frequency on exercise dependence. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2 (4). pp. 216-223. ISSN 2062-5871


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Objectives: The purpose of our study was to explore the prevalence, and the role of mood, exercise frequency, age, and gender differences of exercise dependence. Methods: Regular exercisers (N = 409) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Exercise Dependence Scale, and the Profile of Mood States. For data analyses, the participants were stratified for sex and age (age ranges = young adults: 18–24 years, adults: 25–44 years, and middle-aged adults: 45–64 years). Results: We found that: (a) 4.4% of the participants were classified as at-risk for exercise dependence; (b) the men and the two younger groups (i.e., young adults and adults) had higher exercise dependence scores; and (c) age, gender, exercise frequency, and mood state were related to exercise dependence. Conclusions: Our results support previous research on the prevalence of exercise dependence and reveal that adulthood may be the critical age for developing exercise dependence. These findings have practical implication for identifying individuals at-risk for exercise dependence symptoms, and may aid in targeting and guiding the implementation of prevention program for adults.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2017 18:17
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2023 12:58

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