Protective effect of CV247 against cisplatin nephrotoxicity in rats

Máthé, Cs. and Szénási, G. and Sebestény, A. and Szentmihályi, Klára (2013) Protective effect of CV247 against cisplatin nephrotoxicity in rats. HUMAN & EXPERIMENTAL TOXICOLOGY, Online. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0960-3271


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CV247 (CV), an aqueous mixture of copper (Cu) and manganese (Mn) gluconates, vitamin C and sodium salicylate increased the antitumour effects of cisplatin (CDPP; cis-diamminedichloroplatinum) in vitro. We hypothesized that the antioxidant and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2; prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2) inhibitory components of CV can protect the kidneys from CDPP nephrotoxicity in rats. CDPP (6.5 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) slightly elevated serum creatinine (Crea) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 12 days after treatment. Kidney histology demonstrated extensive tubular epithelial damage and COX-2 immunoreactivity increased 14 days after treatment. A large amount of platinum (Pt) accumulated in the kidney of CDPP-treated rats. Furthermore, CDPP decreased renal iron (Fe), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), Cu and Mn concentrations and increased plasma Fe and Cu concentrations. CDPP elevated plasma free radical concentration. Treatment with CV alone for 14 days (twice 3 ml/kg/day orally) did not influence these parameters. Chronic CV administration after CDPP reduced renal histological damage and slightly decreased COX-2 immunoreactivity, while failed to prevent the increase in Crea and BUN levels. Blood free radical concentration was reduced, that is, CV improved redox homeostasis. CV restored plasma Fe and renal Fe, Mo and Zn, while decreased Pt and elevated Cu and Mn concentrations in the kidney. Besides the known synergistic antitumour effects with CDPP, CV partially protected the kidneys from CDPP nephrotoxicity probably through its antioxidant effect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antioxidant, cisplatin, cyclooxygenase-2, nephrotoxicity, salicylate
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2013 14:39
Last Modified: 07 May 2014 23:15

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