Ischemia-reperfusion rapidly increases COX-2 expression in piglet cerebral arteries

Domoki, Ferenc and Veltkamp, R. and Thrikawala, N. and Bari, Ferenc (1999) Ischemia-reperfusion rapidly increases COX-2 expression in piglet cerebral arteries. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY, 277 (3). H1207-H1214. ISSN 0363-6135

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In the newborn, cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived products play an important role in the cerebrovascular dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). We examined effects of I/R on expression of COX-1 and COX-2 isoforms in large cerebral arteries of anesthetized piglets. The circle of Willis, the basilar, and the middle cerebral arteries were collected from piglets at 0.5-12 h after global ischemia (2.5-10 min, n = 50), hypoxia (n = 3), or hypercapnia (n = 2) and from time-control (n = 19) or untreated animals (n = 7). Tissues were analyzed for COX-1 and COX-2 mRNA and protein using RNase protection assay and immunoblot analysis, respectively. Ischemia increased COX-2 mRNA by 30 min, and maximal levels were reached at 2 h. Hypoxia or hypercapnia had minimal effects on COX-2 mRNA. COX-2 protein levels were also consistently elevated by 8 h after I/R. Increases in COX-2 mRNA or protein were not influenced by pretreatment with either indomethacin (5 mg/kg iv, n = 5) or nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (15 mg/kg iv, n = 7). COX-1 mRNA levels were low in time controls, and ischemic stress had no significant effect on COX-1 expression. Thus ischemic stress leads to relatively rapid, selective induction of COX-2 in cerebral arteries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RZ Other systems of medicine / orvostudomány egyéb területei
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2013 11:58
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2013 11:58

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