Structural features of human DJ-1 in distinct Cys106 oxidative states and their relevance to its loss of function in disease

Kiss, R. and Zhu, M. and Jójárt, B. and Czajlik, A. and Solti, K. and Fórizs, B. and Nagy, É. and Zsila, F. and Beke-Somfai, T. and Tóth, G. (2017) Structural features of human DJ-1 in distinct Cys106 oxidative states and their relevance to its loss of function in disease. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS, 1861 (11 PtA). pp. 2619-2629. ISSN 0304-4165 (In Press)

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DJ-1 (PARK7) is a multifunctional protein linked to the onset and progression of a number of diseases, most of which are associated with high oxidative stress. The Cys106 of DJ-1 is unusually reactive and thus sensitive to oxidation, and due to high oxidative stress it was observed to be in various oxidized states in disease condition. The oxidation state of Cys106 of DJ-1 is believed to determine the specific functions of the protein in normal and disease conditions. Here we report molecular dynamics simulation and biophysical experimental studies on DJ-1 in reduced (Cys106, eS−), oxidized (Cys106, eSO2 −), and over-oxidized (Cys106, eSO3 −) states. To simulate the different oxidation states of Cys106 in DJ-1, AMBER related force field parameters were developed and reported for 3-sulfinoalanine and cysteine sulfonic acid. Our studies found that the overall structure of DJ-1 in different oxidation states was similar globally, while it differed locally significantly, which have implications on its stability, function and its link to disease on-set. Importantly, the results suggest that over-oxidation may trigger loss of functions due to local structural modification in the Cys106 containing pocket of DJ-1 and structurally destabilize the dimeric state of DJ-1, which is believed to be its bioactive conformation. Such loss of functions would result in reduced ability of DJ-1 to protect from oxidative stress insults and may lead to increased progression of disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: Róbert Kiss
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 17:03
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 17:03

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