A magnetic phase-transition graphene transistor with tunable spin polarization

Vancsó, Péter and Hagymási, Imre and Tapasztó, Levente (2017) A magnetic phase-transition graphene transistor with tunable spin polarization. 2D MATERIALS, 4 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2053-1583

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Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have been proposed as potential building blocks for field effect transistor (FET) devices due to their quantum confinement bandgap. Here, we propose a novel GNR device concept, enabling the control of both charge and spin signals, integrated within the simplest three-terminal device configuration. In a conventional FET device, a gate electrode is employed to tune the Fermi level of the system in and out of a static bandgap. By contrast, in the switching mechanism proposed here, the applied gate voltage can dynamically open and close an interaction gap, with only a minor shift of the Fermi level. Furthermore, the strong interplay of the band structure and edge spin configuration in zigzag ribbons enables such transistors to carry spin polarized current without employing an external magnetic field or ferromagnetic contacts. Using an experimentally validated theoretical model, we show that such transistors can switch at low voltages and high speed, and the spin polarization of the current can be tuned from 0% to 50% by using the same back gate electrode. Furthermore, such devices are expected to be robust against edge irregularities and can operate at room temperature. Controlling both charge and spin signal within the simplest FET device configuration could open up new routes in data processing with graphene based devices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC04 Electricity. Magnetism. Electromagnetism / villamosság, mágnesesség, elektromágnessesség
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2017 14:14
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 14:14

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