Seasonal changes in thyroid activity in the female sheath-tailed bat, Taphozous longimanus (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae)

Singh, U. P. and Krishna, A. and Bhatnagar, Kunwar P. (2002) Seasonal changes in thyroid activity in the female sheath-tailed bat, Taphozous longimanus (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae). Acta Biologica Hungarica, 53 (3). pp. 267-278. ISSN 0236-5383


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The present study was designed to investigate changes in thyroid activity during the reproductive cycle in Taphozous longimanus. Thyroid gland showed marked seasonal variation in weight and secretory activity. It was inactive in quiescence and early to mid-winter dormancy and active during recrudescence and breeding period during late winter dormancy. The serum 3,5,3’-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) concentrations showed significant variation and closely coincided with thyroid activity. The T3 and T4 concentrations were higher in recrudescence, late winter dormancy and minimum in quiescence and initial stages of first pregnancy. The body weight (r = 0.56), ovary weight (r = 0.73), and thyroid weight (r = 0.70) showed correlation with each other and with T3 and T4 concentrations. The correlation between body weight, thyroid weight and T3 and T4 concentrations in non-pregnant bats was higher when compared with pregnant bats. The T3 and T4 levels remained low during the initial stages of development in first pregnancy when compared with the initial stages of second pregnancy. The scant food supply and low levels of T3 and T4 and low temperature during initial stages of first pregnancy might be responsible for differential rate of fetal development in two successive pregnancies in T. longimanus.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: xEndre xSarvay
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 13:52
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2022 23:15

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