Embryogenesis of GABAergic elements in the nervous system of Eisenia fetida

Koza, Anna and Csoknya, Mária (2004) Embryogenesis of GABAergic elements in the nervous system of Eisenia fetida. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 55 (1-4). pp. 323-333. ISSN 0236-5383

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The appearance and development of the GABA-immunoreactive nervous elements in the central nervous system of Eisenia fetida were studied by immunocytochemistry. The nervous system originates from the neuroectoderm situated on the ventral side of the embryo. The organization of the circumpharyngeal ring starts earlier than that of the ventral cord. In the elementary ring the first GABA-immunopositive neurons can be observed (E1 stage) around the mouth. Later the cell number gradually increases and parallel to this process the elementary ring is separeted into a superficial and a deeper portion. The brain and the subesophageal ganglion will be organized from the superficial ring, while the nervous elements of the deeper ring will give rise for the first GABA-immunoreactive elements of the stomatogastric nervous system. In the early stages of the embryogenesis the immunoreactive cells of the developing brain appear solitary, while from the stage E4 they gradually are observed in groups. According to their position, these cell groups are similar to those observed in the brain of the adult earthworms. During embryogenesis the level of the ventral cord ganglia depends on their position in the ectodermal germ bands. It means, that the more organized ganglia are near the circumpharyngeal ring, mean while less developed ganglia are situated caudally from them. By the end of the embryogenesis all ganglia of the ventral cord will be equally well organized. The nerve tracts of the ganglia are built up from contra- and ipsilateral by projected fibres. From E3 stage the medial tracts, mean while from the E4 stage the lateral tracts begin to be formed. During the next stages, more and more fibres connect to the both tracts. At hatching, the development of the central nervous system of Eiseniafetida is not completed, the process is continued during the postembryonic development.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Endre Sarvay
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 16:13
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2017 16:13

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