Hyperexcitability of the network contributes to synchronization processes in the human epileptic neocortex.

Tóth, Kinga and Hofer, Katharina and Kandrács, Ágnes and Entz, L. and Bagó, Attila György and Erőss, Loránd and Nagy, Gábor and Ulbert, István and Wittner, Lucia (2017) Hyperexcitability of the network contributes to synchronization processes in the human epileptic neocortex. JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, Epub a. doi: 10.1113/JP275413. ISSN 0022-3751


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Interictal activity is a hallmark in epilepsy diagnostics and is linked to neuronal hypersynchrony. Little is known about perturbations in human epileptic neocortical microcircuits, and their role in generating pathological synchronies. To explore hyperexcitability of the human epileptic network, and its contribution to convulsive activity, we investigated an in vitro model of synchronous burst activity spontaneously occurring in postoperative tissue slices derived from patients with or without preoperative clinical and electrographic manifestations of epileptic activity. Human neocortical slices generated two types of synchronies. Interictal-like discharges (classified as epileptiform events) emerged only in epileptic samples, and were hypersynchronous bursts characterized by considerably elevated levels of excitation. Synchronous population activity was initiated both in epileptic and non-epileptic tissue, with a significantly lower degree of excitability and synchrony, and could not be linked to epilepsy. However, in pharmacoresistant epileptic tissue, higher percentage of slices exhibited population activity, with higher local field potential gradient amplitudes. More intracellularly recorded neurons received depolarizing synaptic potentials, discharging more reliably during the events. Light and electron microscopic examinations showed slightly lower neuron densities, and higher densities of excitatory synapses in the human epileptic neocortex. Our data suggest that human neocortical microcircuits retain their functionality and plasticity in vitro, and can generate two significantly different synchronies. We propose that population bursts might not be pathological events while interictal-like discharges may reflect the epileptogenicity of the human cortex. Our results show that hyperexcitability characterizes the human epileptic neocortical network, and that it is closely related to the emergence of synchronies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Kiadói honlap:
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2017 06:12
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2018 00:15

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