Inhibitory effects of four neonicotinoid active ingredients on acetylcholine esterase activity

Győri, János and Farkas, Anna and Stolyar, Oksana and Székács, András and Mörtl, Mária and Vehovszky, Ágnes (2017) Inhibitory effects of four neonicotinoid active ingredients on acetylcholine esterase activity. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 68 (4). pp. 345-357. ISSN 0236-5383


Download (280kB) | Preview


There is a great concern about the decline of pollinators, and neonicotinoids emerging bee disorders are assumed to play a significant role. Since changes in learning ability has been observed in honey bees exposed to some acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibitors, we therefore, tested in vitro the effect of four neonicotinoids on purified eel AChE. AChE activity was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner, and calculated IC<sub>50</sub> values for thiamethoxam (IC<sub>50</sub> = 414 μM) and clothianidin (IC<sub>50</sub> = 160 μM) were found to be much higher compared to acetamiprid (IC<sub>50</sub> = 75.2 μM) and thiacloprid (IC<sub>50</sub> = 87.8 μM). The Lineweaver–Burk reciprocal plots for acetamiprid shows unchanged V<sub>max</sub> and increased K<sub>m</sub> values with inhibitor concentrations, while analysis of Michaelis–Menten plots shows predominantly competitive mechanism. The inhibition constant value (K<sub>i</sub> = 24.3 μM) indicates strong binding of the acetamiprid complex to AChE. Finally, the four tested neonicotinoids are not a uniform group regarding their blocking ability. Our results suggest a previously not established, direct AChE blocking mechanism of neonicotinoids tested, thus the neuronal AChE enzyme is likely among the direct targets of the neonicotinoid insecticides. We conclude, that these AChE inhibitory effects may also contribute to toxic effects on the whole exposed animal.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2018 06:59
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2018 00:18

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item