Internet gaming disorder and online gambling disorder: Clinical and personality correlates

Mallorquí-Bagué, Nuria and Fernández-Aranda, Fernando and Lozano-Madrid, María and Granero, Roser and Mestre-Bach, Gemma and Baño, Marta and Pino-Gutiérrez, Amparo Del and Gómez-Peña, Mónica and Aymamí, Neus and Menchón, José M. and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (2017) Internet gaming disorder and online gambling disorder: Clinical and personality correlates. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (4). pp. 669-677. ISSN 2062-5871


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The recent growth of Internet use has led to an increase of potentially problematic behaviors that can be engaged online, such as online gambling or Internet gaming. The aim of this study is to better conceptualize Internet gaming disorder (IGD) by comparing it with gambling disorder (GD) patients who only gamble online (online GD). Methods A total of 288 adult patients (261 online GD and 27 IGD) completed self-reported questionnaires for exploring psychopathological symptoms, food addiction (FA), and personality traits. Results Both clinical groups presented higher psychopathological scores and less functional personality traits when compared with a normative Spanish population. However, when comparing IGD to online GD, some singularities emerged. First, patients with IGD were younger, more likely single and unemployed, and they also presented lower age of disorder onset. In addition, they displayed lower somatization and depressive scores together with lower prevalence of tobacco use but higher FA scores and higher mean body mass index. Finally, they presented lower novelty seeking and persistence traits. Discussion GD is fully recognized as a behavioral addiction, but IGD has been included in the Appendix of DSM-5 as a behavioral addiction that needs further study. Our findings suggest that IGD and online GD patients share some emotional distress and personality traits, but patients with IGD also display some differential characteristics, namely younger age, lower novelty seeking scores and higher BMI, and FA scores. Conclusions IGD presents some characteristics that are not extensive to online GD. These specificities have potential clinical implications and they need to be further studied.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Erratum published in: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2018. 7 (2) p. 205
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan
Depositing User: László Sallai-Tóth
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 12:23
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2018 12:42

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