Plausible neural circuitry for photoperiodism in the blow fly, Protophormia terraenovae

Shiga, Sakiko (2012) Plausible neural circuitry for photoperiodism in the blow fly, Protophormia terraenovae. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 63 (Supple). pp. 36-47. ISSN 0236-5383

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Photoperiodism is important for seasonal adaptation in insects. Although photoreceptors and endocrine outputs for photoperiodism have been investigated, its neural mechanisms are less studied. This paper proposes three groups of neurons involved in photoperiodic control of adult diapause in the blow fly, Protophormia terraenovae. Ablation experiments showed that pars lateralis neurons in the dorsal protocerebrum are important for diapause induction under short-days and low temperature, the pars intercerebralis neurons for ovarian development under long-days and high temperature. When regions containing pigment-dispersing factor and PERIOD immunoreactive s-LN<sub>v</sub>s were bilaterally ablated, flies became arrhythmic in locomotor activities, and did not discriminate photoperiod for diapause induction, suggesting that s-LN<sub>v</sub>s are important for circadian rhythm and photoperiodism. In the s-LN<sub>v</sub>s, PERIOD-immunoreactivity in the nucleus was highest at 12 h after lights-off and lowest 12 h after lights-on regardless of photoperiod. Thus, as in D. melanogaster, it is possible that PERIOD nuclear translocation entrains to photoperiod, and day-length information seems to be encoded in s-LN<sub>v</sub>s. Immunoelectronmicroscopy revealed synaptic connections from s-LN<sub>v</sub>s to the pars lateralis neurons, suggesting that circadian clock neurons, s-LN<sub>v</sub>s, are involved in time measurements and may synaptically signal day-length information to the pars lateralis neurons.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 10:51
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 10:51

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