Extractability of polyphenols from black currant, red currant and gooseberry and their antioxidant activity

Laczkó-Zöld, Eszter and Komlósi, Andrea and Ülkei, Timea and Fogarasi, Erzsébet and Croitoru, Mircea and Fülöp, Ibolya and Domokos, Erzsébet and Ştefănescu, Ruxandra and Varga, Erzsébet (2018) Extractability of polyphenols from black currant, red currant and gooseberry and their antioxidant activity. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 69 (2). pp. 156-169. ISSN 0236-5383


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In this study, we analyzed extracts of Ribes (black currant, red currant and gooseberry) fruits obtained with methanol, methanol 50% and water. For each extract total polyphenol content, total flavonoid content and total anthocyanin content was assessed. The antioxidant activity of extracts was evaluated by 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging capacity and by the photo-chemiluminescence (PCL) method. Identification and quantification of individual phenolic compounds was performed by means of high performance liquid chromatograph coupled with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) analyses. From each fruit, best extraction of polyphenols was obtained with methanol 50%. In case of red currants and gooseberry there was no significant difference in flavonoids and anthocyanins extraction rate by the different extraction solvents. For black currants the methanol and methanol 50% extract presented the highest antioxidant activity. For red currants extracts with methanol 50% showed stronger antioxidant activity (IC<sub>50</sub> = 5.71 mg/ml for DPPH, IC<sub>50</sub> = 1.17 mg/ml for ABTS) than those with methanol or water. In case of gooseberry by the DPPH test the water extract proved to be the most active (IC<sub>50</sub> = 5.9 mg/ml). In the PCL test black currants methanol 50% extract was over 6 times more powerful as the ones from red currants. In case of gooseberries, water extract presented the highest antioxidant activity (41.84 μmol AAE/g). In black currant cyanidin-3-glucoside was the major compound. Quercetin 3-O-glucoside was identified in each sample. From cinnamic acid derivatives neochlorogenic acid was present in black currants in the highest amount (356.33 μg/g).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: MTA KFB támogatási szerződés alapján archiválva
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Violetta Baliga
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 12:48
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2019 23:16

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