Bacterial diversity in soils of different Hungarian karst areas

Knáb, Mónika and Szili, Kovács Tibor and Márialigeti, Károly and Móga, János and Kériné Borsodi, Andrea (2018) Bacterial diversity in soils of different Hungarian karst areas. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica. ISSN 1217-8950

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Karst areas have great environmental importance as sources of subsurface water and often maintain very sensitive ecosystems. In recent years, increasing number of microbiological studies focused on the bacterial communities of karst soils. In this study, diversity examinations on two distinct Hungarian karst areas, Aggtelek and Tapolca, were performed using parallel cultivation and molecular cloning methods. The phylogenetic affiliation of bacterial strains and molecular clones was determined based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Bacterial isolates were identified as members of the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes. Besides the taxa identified by cultivation, members of the phyla Chloroflexi, Cyanobacteria, Acidobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Gemmatimonadetes were detected by the cloning. The difference in the composition of soil bacterial communities was related to geographic locations and soil types. Both the highest and the lowest bacterial diversities were detected in samples from Aggtelek National Park, characterized by Leptic Luvisol and Rendzic Leptosol soil types. The difference in the composition of bacterial communities between Rendzic Leptosol and Leptic Phaeozem soil types at Tapolca could be the result of human impacts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cultivation; karst; 16S rRNA gene; BACTERIAL DIVERSITY; Molecular cloning
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 12:23
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 12:23

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