Variations of Solar Non-axisymmetric Activity

Gyenge, Norbert and Baranyi, Tünde and Ludmány, András (2013) Variations of Solar Non-axisymmetric Activity. CENTRAL EUROPEAN ASTROPHYSICAL BULLETIN, 37. pp. 417-424. ISSN 1845-8319


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The temporal behaviour of solar active longitudes has been examined by using two sunspot catalogues, the Greenwich Photoheliographic Results (GPR) and the Debrecen Photoheliographic Data (DPD). The time-longitude diagrams of the activity distribution reveal the preferred longitudinal zones and their migration with respect to the Carrington frame. The migration paths outline a set of patterns in which the activity zone has alternating prograde/retrograde angular velocities with respect to the Carrington rotation rate. The time profiles of these variations can be described by a set of successive parabolae. Two similar migration paths have been selected from these datasets, one northern path during cycles 21 - 22 and one southern path during cycles 13 - 14, for closer examination and comparison of their dynamical behaviours. The rates of sunspot emergence exhibited in both migration paths similar periodicities, close to 1.3 years. This behaviour may imply that the active longitude is connected to the bottom of convection zone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ACTIVE LONGITUDES; sunspots
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QB Astronomy, Astrophysics / csillagászat, asztrofizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 19:18
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2014 19:18

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