Synthesis, enzymatic stability and in vitro cytostatic effect of Daunorubicin-GnRH-III derivative dimers

Schreier, Verena Natalie and Mező, Gábor and Orbán, Erika and Dürr, Claudia and Marquardt, Andreas and Manea, Marilena (2013) Synthesis, enzymatic stability and in vitro cytostatic effect of Daunorubicin-GnRH-III derivative dimers. BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 23 (7). pp. 2145-2150. ISSN 0960-894X

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Bioconjugates containing chemotherapeutic agents attached to peptide hormones, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), are developed as drug delivery systems for targeted cancer chemotherapy. We report here the synthesis and biochemical characterization of disulfide bond-linked dimeric biocon-jugates in which daunorubicin was coupled via an oxime linkage to aminooxyacetylated GnRH-III ([Glp-His-Trp-Ser-His-Asp-Trp-Lys(Dau@Aoa-Cys)-Pro-Gly-NH2]2; where Glp is pyroglutamic acid and Aoa is aminooxyacetyl) and its derivatives modified in position four byN-Me-Ser and Lys(Ac). The in vitro sta-bility/degradation of the bioconjugates was determined in human serum, as well as in the presence of rat liver lysosomal homogenate and digestive enzymes. All compounds were stable at least for 24 h in human serum and in the presence of pepsin and trypsin, while they were degraded by lysosomal enzymes. The daunorubicin-GnRH-III derivative dimers were partly digested bya-chymotrypsin; how-ever, they had increased stability compared to the corresponding monomers, making them potential can-didates for oral administration. The in vitro cytostatic effect of the compounds was determined on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. All daunorubicin-GnRH-III derivative dimers exerted slightly increased in vitro cytostatic effect (IC50values in low lM range) than the corresponding monomeric bioconjugates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Targeted cancer chemotherapy Daunorubicin Gonadotropin-releasing hormone Enzymatic stability In vitro cytostatic effect
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD04 Organic chemistry / szerves kémia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: Dr Katalin Uray
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2014 12:47
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2014 12:47

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