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Performance of PE pipes under extractive conditions: Effect of the additive package and processing

Tátraaljai, Dóra and Vámos, Mór and Orbánné Mester, Ágnes and Staniek, Peter and Földes, Enikő and Pukánszky, Béla (2014) Performance of PE pipes under extractive conditions: Effect of the additive package and processing. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 99. pp. 196-203. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

Polyethylene (PE) compounds were prepared with five primary antioxidants and five application stabilizers, pelletized and extruded to pipes under industrial conditions. The pipes were stored in water at 80 °C for one year. Samples were taken at various intervals and a range of properties were determined from the functional group (methyl, vinyl, t-vinylene) content of the polymer to the crack propagation rate of the pipe. The results showed that chemical reactions take place both during extrusion and soaking. The chain structure of the polymer is modified only during processing, but not during storage, at least in the time scale of the study. The direction and extent of changes are determined mainly by the type of the application stabilizer, but primary antioxidants also influence them to some extent. Soaking modifies the physical, but not the chemical structure of the polymer. On the other hand, the chemical reactions of the additives determine color and stabilizer loss thus the residual stability of the pipes. The chemical structure of the polymer has a larger effect on final properties, on the rate of slow crack propagation and failure, than the physical structure of the pipes. As a consequence, the application stabilizer plays an important role in the determination of pipe performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Dr. János/J Móczó
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 13:54
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2014 13:54
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/11341

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