Study of the effect of natural antioxidants in polyethylene: Performance of β-carotene

Tátraaljai, Dóra and Major, Luca and Földes, Enikő and Pukánszky, Béla (2014) Study of the effect of natural antioxidants in polyethylene: Performance of β-carotene. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 102. pp. 33-40. ISSN 0141-3910


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The effect of β-carotene on the behaviour of polyethylene stabilized with α-tocopherol and a phosphonite antioxidant was studied under processing and storage conditions. The amount of β-carotene ranged between 0 and 2000 ppm. The polymer was characterised by different methods after processing then during and after storage at ambient temperature in light and dark. β-Carotene hinders the oxidation of polyethylene and does not increase the chain extension reactions during processing, though more vinyl groups and phosphonite molecules react. β-Carotene colours polyethylene strongly already at low concentrations. The reactions of the polymer and β-carotene are affected strongly by the storage conditions. The presence of β-carotene does not influence the stabilizing efficiency of the primary and secondary antioxidants. In dark the molecular structure of the polymer does not change appreciably, while the reactions of β-carotene lead to an increase in the yellowness index. In light the molecular characteristics of polyethylene undergo significant changes indicating long chain branching. The polymer fades rapidly after an induction period. The length of the induction period is not influenced by light. The rate of the degradation reactions of β-carotene during storage is controlled by its concentration and film thickness. Visible autoaccelerated decomposition in light renders β-carotene candidate as an indicator in active packaging materials.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Dr. János/J Móczó
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 14:20
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2014 14:20

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