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Comprehensive evolved gas analysis of amorphous precursors for S-doped titania by in situ TG-FTIR and TG/DTA-MS. Part 1

Madarász, János and Braileanu, A. and Pokol, György (2008) Comprehensive evolved gas analysis of amorphous precursors for S-doped titania by in situ TG-FTIR and TG/DTA-MS. Part 1. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS, 82 (2). pp. 292-297. ISSN 0165-2370

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Abstract

Decomposition of an amorphous precursor for S-doped titania (TiO2) nanopowders, prepared by controlled sol-gel hydrolysis-condensation of titanium(IV) tetraisopropoxide and thiourea in aqueous isopropanol, has been studied up to 800 degrees C in flowing air by simultaneous thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis coupled online with quadrupole mass spectrometer (TG/DTA-MS) and FTIR spectrometric gas cell (TG-FTIR) for analysis of gases and their evolution dynamics (by evolved gas analysis, EGA) in order to explore and model thermal annealing processes of fabrication techniques leading to S:TiO2 photocatalysts with photocatalytic activities under visible light. Precursor sample prepared with thiourea, releases first water endothermically from room temperature to 190 degrees C, carbonyl sulfide (COS) from 120 to 280 degrees C in two stages, and ammonia (NH3) from 170 to 450 degrees C in three steps. Evolution of CO2, sulfur dioxide (SO2), and dinitrogen oxide, as of oxidation products, (N2O), as of oxidation products, occurs between 150 and 220,180 and 330, 280 and 450 degrees C, respectively. Exothermic DTA peaks at 170, 220, and 310 degrees C correspond to the maximum rate of CO2, SO2, and N2O evolution, respectively. The fourth exothermic heat effect at 430 degrees C is probably due to the simultaneous burning out of residual carbonaceous-species, solid-state oxidation of residual sulfureous and/or sulfurous species, and transformation of amorphous titania into anatase. Titanium-oxo-sulfate formation at 500 degrees C has been confirmed by FTIR. Furthermore, evolution of sulfur dioxide reoccurs again in a definite step between 550 and 800 degrees C, indicating the significant extent of previous sulfate formation processes. Anatase, which formed also in the exothermic peak at 430 degrees C, keeps its structure, no rutile formation is detected below or at 800 degrees C by XRD. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evolved gas analysis (EGA) Mass spectrometry (MS) FTIR spectroscopic gas cell Simultaneous thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) Titania precursor Titanium(IV)-isopropoxide Thiourea Anatase
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD01 Analytical chemistry / analitikai kémia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2014 14:26
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2014 11:33
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/13319

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