REAL

Növényevő nagyvadak rágáspreferenciái, mint a táplálkozási igények indikátorai.

Katona, Krisztián and Kiss, Márton and Bleier, Norbert and Székely, János and Nyeste, Mariann and Kovács, Vera and Terhes, Attila and Fodor, Áron and Olajos, Tamás and Szemethy, László (2013) Növényevő nagyvadak rágáspreferenciái, mint a táplálkozási igények indikátorai. VADBIOLÓGIA, 15. pp. 63-71. ISSN 0237-5710

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Abstract

Traditional clearcutting system homogenise forest habitats (one tree species, one age class, understory destroyed), which will be more sensitive to other human and natural impacts, such as the effect of large herbivores. Since forest game damage is a very important problem in Hungary, we hypothesised that the main target tree species (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus spp. and Robinia pseudoacacia ) are strongly preferred as browsed forage. Therefore, our study question was which woody species are selected by game browsing: 1. native (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus spp.) or non-native target tree species (Robinia pseudoacacia ) 2. other economically non or less relevant woody species. We have collected data on the species composition of the understory and the browsing impact on it in five different Hungarian even-aged forests between 2003 and 2005. Based on these investigations the non-native Robinia pseudoacacia was generally preferred (Jacobs’ selectivity index: D=0,04±0,77), meanwhile the native Fagus sylvatica and Quercus spp. (Q. cerris, Q. petraea, Q. robur) were avoided (D= -0,37±0,11; -0,33±0,85; -0,79±0,56; -0,9±0,16; respectively) among target tree species. However, economically less or not relevant species, e.g. elderberry (Sambucus spp.), blackberry (Rubus spp.) or common dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) were the most preferred ones (D=0,01±0,71; -0,12±0,58; -0,2±0,78, respectively). Our results clearly show that biodiversity conservation i.e. maintaining or establishing a multi-species understory layer can be a good solution to diminish the negative game impact on native target tree species. Due to its preference selective browsing can mitigate the penetration of Robinia pseudoacacia into native forest habitats. The herbivorous selection pattern revealed will help us in forest biodiversity conservation by facilitating positive and mitigating negative impacts of selective browsing by ungulates.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SD Forestry / erdőgazdaság
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SK Hunting sports / vadgazdálkodás, vadászat
Depositing User: Dr Krisztián Katona
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2014 16:53
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2014 16:53
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/14959

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