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In Search of the Regional Diversification of Latin: Changes of the Declension System According to the Inscriptions.

Adamik, Béla (2014) In Search of the Regional Diversification of Latin: Changes of the Declension System According to the Inscriptions. In: LATIN VULGAIRE LATIN TARDIF X: Actes du X e colloque international sur le latin vulgaire et tardif, Bergamo, 5-9 septembre 2012. Universita degli Studi di Bergamo, Bergamo, pp. 641-661. ISBN 978-88-6642-160-3

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Abstract

In order to discover chronological and/or geographical differences in the Latin of the Roman Empire, this paper analyses the distributional structures of the nominal morphosyntactic ‘errors’ which have been to date recorded from Latin inscriptions and concern the changes of the declension system. Present investigation, which is based on the very methodology of József Herman, will demonstrate that Roman provinces (Moesia Inferior, Moesia Superior, Dalmatia, Venetia–Histria and Gallia Narbonnensis selected for survey) can show conclusive differences in the distribution morphosyntactic phenomena both chronologically and geographically, and that this way they can be classified dialectologically. According to the inscriptional material of later periods, Gallia Narbonnensis and Venetia–Histria can be classified as belonging to an area where the linguistic system has only two cases the same way as in Old French and Old Occitan, while Dalmatia displays a preform of the two case system of the Balkan-type. Regarding Moesia Inferior and Superior, it can be asserted that a three-case system emerged in both areas, but the lack of any inscriptional evidence from the later periods makes it impossible to determine the direction in which the three case-system would have developed: towards the Gallic type represented by Gallia Narbonnensis and Venetia–Histria, or the Balkan-type represented by Dalmatia.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: P Language and Literature / nyelvészet és irodalom > P0 Philology. Linguistics / filológia, nyelvészet
P Language and Literature / nyelvészet és irodalom > PA Classical philology / klasszika-filológia > PA20 Latin / latin filológia
Depositing User: Dr. Béla Adamik
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2014 09:19
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 09:19
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/19202

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