Emerging fractal patterns in a real 3D cerebral aneurysm

Závodszky, Gábor and Károlyi, György and Paál, György (2015) Emerging fractal patterns in a real 3D cerebral aneurysm. JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, 368. pp. 95-101. ISSN 0022-5193

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The behaviour of biological fluid flows is often investigated in medical practice to draw conclusions on the physiological or pathological conditions of the considered organs. One area where such investigations are proven to be useful is the flow-related formation and growth of different pathologic malformations of the cerebro vascular system. In this work, a detailed study is presented on the effect of a cerebral aneurysm on blood transport inside a human brain artery segment. This malformation causes strong flow instabilities that drives the flow system towards chaotic behaviour. The emerging fractal structure and some of its measurable properties have been explored using a method that makes the measurement of these properties feasible even in complicated large three dimensional data sets. We find that, from the investigated chaos parameters, the information dimension turns out to be the most reliable parameter to characterize chaotic advection in the vicinity of the aneurysm sac. We propose that properties of chaotic mixing close to aneurysms might be relevant for the condition of this pathologic malformation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chaotic advection CFD Information dimension
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC01 Mechanics / mechanika
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RZ Other systems of medicine / orvostudomány egyéb területei
Depositing User: Dr György Károlyi
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2015 10:30
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2015 10:30

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