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Comparison of Structural Development and Biochemical Accumulation of Waxy and Non-waxy Wheat Caryopses

Yu, X.R. and Zhou, L. and Zhang, J. and Yu, H. and Gao, D.R. and Zhang, B.Q. and Xiong, F. and Gu, Y.J. and Wang, Z. (2015) Comparison of Structural Development and Biochemical Accumulation of Waxy and Non-waxy Wheat Caryopses. Cereal Research Communications, 43 (2). pp. 307-317. ISSN 0133-3720

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Abstract

This study was conducted to compare structural development and biochemical accumulation of waxy and non-waxy wheat (NW) caryopses. The caryopses’ microstructure of the waxy wheat (WW) and NW cultivars at different developmental stages were observed under light, fluorescence, and scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows: Compared with NW,WWhad a shorter maturation duration, which was reflected in several following characteristics. Programmed cell death of the pericarp began earlier, and the chlorophyll-containing layer in the pericarp was smaller. Vacuoles in chalazal cells accumulated more tannins at different developmental stages. Starch granules and protein bodies in the endosperm showed a higher accumulation level in developing caryopses, and aleurone cells were larger in size with larger numbers of aleurone grains. An analysis of the element content indicated that the mineral elements Mg, P, K, and Ca exhibited a higher content, while the heavy elements Cr, Cd, and Pb exhibited a lower content in the aleurone layer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 08:05
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2016 08:05
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/37145

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