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Comprehensive compositional study of torrefied wood and herbaceous materials by chemical analysis and thermoanalytical methods

Barta-Rajnai, Eszter and Jakab, Emma and Sebestyén, Zoltán and May, Zoltán and Barta, Zsolt and Wang, Liang and Skreiberg, Øyvind and Gronli, Morten and Bozi, János and Czégény, Zsuzsanna (2016) Comprehensive compositional study of torrefied wood and herbaceous materials by chemical analysis and thermoanalytical methods. ENERGY & FUELS. ISSN 0887-0624 (In Press)

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Abstract

In this work the torrefaction of three biomass materials: black locust wood, wheat and rape straw was studied at various temperatures: 200, 225, 250, 275 and 300 °C. The thermal stability and the formation of the decomposition products of the untreated and treated samples were measured by TG/MS method. The degree of hemicellulose and cellulose decomposition during torrefaction at different temperatures were characterized by compositional analysis of the torrefied and untreated samples. The cellulose, hemicellulose and Klason-lignin contents of the raw and torrefied biomass samples were determined by acidic hydrolysis and subsequent HPLC analysis. The inorganic ion contents of the untreated samples were measured by ICP-OES method. The joint evaluation of the results obtained by various analytical methods revealed that the acidic side groups of hemicellulose were partially split off, while the main mass of hemicellulose did not degrade at 225 °C torrefaction temperature. About 40% of hemicellulose degrades at 250 °C torrefaction temperature and the remainder decomposes at higher temperature. Although hemicellulose has different chemical structure in the hardwood and the straws, no significant differences were observed in the thermal stability of hemicelluloses in the three studied samples. Taking into consideration the significantly higher alkali ion content of the straw samples it was concluded that the alkali ion content of the samples did not modify the thermal stability of hemicellulose. Statistical analysis (PCA) have been used to present correlations between the torrefaction temperature, chemical composition and thermal parameters of the samples. The PCA calculations revealed substantial changes in the chemical composition and thermal properties of biomass materials as a result of torrefaction at 275-300°C temperatures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD01 Analytical chemistry / analitikai kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD04 Organic chemistry / szerves kémia
Depositing User: Dr Zsuzsanna Czégény
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 13:49
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 13:49
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/39834

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