Modification of interactions in polypropylene/lignosulfonate blends

Bozsódi, Brúnó and Romhányi, Vivien and Pataki, Piroska and Kun, Dávid and Renner, Károly and Pukánszky, Béla (2016) Modification of interactions in polypropylene/lignosulfonate blends. Materials & Design, 103. pp. 32-39. ISSN 0264-1275

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Polypropylene (PP)/lignin blends were prepared in a wide composition range (0-70 vol%) from a PP homopolymer and two lignosulfonates of different compositions by homogenization in an internal mixer and compression molding. Thermodynamic considerations and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMTA) were used for the estimation of interactions and miscibility, while mechanical properties were characterized by tensile testing. Local deformations were followed by acoustic emission measurements, and structure was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the structure of the blends form during processing by the breakup of large lignin particles which soften at the high temperature of processing. Weak interactions develop between PP and lignin, since lignin molecules interact with each other strongly and prevent the mixing of the two components. Dispersed structure forms in the entire composition range studied, co-continuous structure cannot develop at all. Interfacial adhesion can be improved through the addition of a maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) coupling agent. Depending on the strength of interfacial adhesion the blends fail either by debonding or the fracture of the lignin particles. Although coupling improves the strength of the blends, deformability is very small especially at larger lignin content hindering practical application.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Dr. János/J Móczó
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2016 08:26
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2018 23:15

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