Physics and chemistry of hydrogen in the vacancies of semiconductors

Szűcs, Bernadett and Gali, Ádám and Hajnal, Zoltán and Deák, Peter and Van de Walle, Chris (2003) Physics and chemistry of hydrogen in the vacancies of semiconductors. Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), 68 (8). No. 085202. ISSN 1098-0121


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Hydrogen is well known to cause electrical passivation of lattice vacancies in semiconductors. This effect follows from the chemical passivation of the dangling bonds. Recently it was found that H in the carbon vacancy of SiC forms a three-center bond with two silicon neighbors in the vacancy, and gives rise to a new electrically active state. In this paper we examine hydrogen in the anion vacancies of BN, AlN, and GaN. We find that three-center bonding of H is quite common and follows clear trends in terms of the second-neighbor distance in the lattice, the typical (two-center) hydrogen-host-atom bond length, the electronegativity difference between host atoms and hydrogen, as well as the charge state of the vacancy. Three-center bonding limits the number of H atoms a nitrogen vacancy can capture to two, and prevents electric passivation in GaAs as well.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2013 10:00
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2013 10:00

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