Estimating the Rotation Rate in the Vacuolar Proton-ATPase in Native Yeast Vacuolar Membranes

Ferencz, Csilla and Petrovszki, Pál and Fodor-Ayaydin, Elfrieda and Haracska, Lajos and Bóta, Attila and Varga, Zoltán and Dér, András and Marsh, Derek and Páli, Tibor László (2013) Estimating the Rotation Rate in the Vacuolar Proton-ATPase in Native Yeast Vacuolar Membranes. European Biophysics Journal, 42 (2-3). pp. 147-158. ISSN 0175-7571

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The rate of rotation of the rotor of the yeast vacuolar proton-ATPase (V-ATPase), relative to the stator or the steady parts of enzyme, is estimated in native vacuolar membrane vesicles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae under standardised conditions. Membrane vesicles are spontaneously formed after exposing purified yeast vacuoles to osmotic shock. The fraction of the total ATPase activity originating from V-ATPase is determined using the potent and specific inhibi-tor of the enzyme, concanamycin A. Inorganic phosphate liberated from ATP in the vacuolar membrane vesicle system, during 10 min of ATPase activity at 20 °C, is assayed spectrophotometrically for different concanamycin A concentrations. A fit to the quadratic binding equation, assuming a single concanamycin A binding site on a monomeric V-ATPase (our data is incompatible with models assuming more binding sites) to the inhibitor titration curve determines the concentration of the enzyme. Combining it with the known rotation:ATP stoichiometry of V-ATPase and the assayed concentration of inorganic phosphate liberated by V-ATPase leads to an average rate of ~9.53 Hz of the 360 degrees rotation, which, according to the time-dependence of the activity, extrapolates to ~14.14 Hz for the beginning of the reaction. These are low limit estimates. To our knowledge this is the first report of the rotation rate in a V-ATPase that is not subjected to genetic or chemical modification and it is not fixed on a solid support, instead it is functioning in its native membrane environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr Zoltán Varga
Date Deposited: 02 May 2013 08:01
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2014 00:15

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