REAL

Classification of Hungarian medieval silver coins using x-ray fluorescent spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis

Rácz, Anita and Héberger, Károly and Rajkó, Róbert and Elek, János (2013) Classification of Hungarian medieval silver coins using x-ray fluorescent spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis. Heritage Science, 1 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2050-7445

[img]
Preview
Text
ARKHRRJEHeritageScience1_2.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

A set of silver coins from the collection of Déri Museum Debrecen (Hungary) was examined by X-ray fluorescent elemental analysis with the aim to assign the coins to different groups with the best possible precision based on the acquired chemical information and to build models, which arrange the coins according to their historical periods. Results: Principal component analysis, linear discriminant analysis, partial least squares discriminant analysis, classification and regression trees and multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares were applied to reveal dominant pattern in the data and classify the coins into several groups. We also identified those chemical components, which are present in small percentages, but are useful for the classification of the coins. With the coins divided into two groups according to adequate historical periods, we have obtained a correct classification (76-78%) based on the chemical compositions. Conclusions: X-ray fluorescent elemental analysis together with multivariate data analysis methods is suitable to group medieval coins according to historical periods. Keywords: X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Multivariate techniques, Coin, Silver, Middle ages

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD01 Analytical chemistry / analitikai kémia
Depositing User: Dr. xAranka xPilbáth
Date Deposited: 07 May 2013 13:49
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2015 12:43
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/5060

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item