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Single- and double energy N+ ion irradiated planar optical waveguides in Er: Tungsten-tellurite oxide glass and sillenite type Bismuth Germanate crystals working up to telecommunications wavelengths

Bányász, István and Zolnai, Zsolt and Fried, Miklós and Lohner, Tivadar and Berneschi, S. and Righini, GC. and Pelli, S. and Nunzi-Conti, G. (2013) Single- and double energy N+ ion irradiated planar optical waveguides in Er: Tungsten-tellurite oxide glass and sillenite type Bismuth Germanate crystals working up to telecommunications wavelengths. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 307. pp. 299-304. ISSN 0168-583X

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Abstract

Ion implantation proved to be a universal technique for producing waveguides in most optical materials. Tellurite glasses are good hosts of rare-earth elements for the development of fibre and integrated optical amplifiers and lasers covering all the main telecommunication bands. Er3+-doped tellurite glasses are good candidates for the fabrication of broadband amplifiers in wavelength division multiplexing around 1.55 lm, as they exhibit large stimulated cross sections and broad emission bandwidth. Fabrication of channel waveguides in such a material via N+ ion implantation was reported recently. Sillenite type Bismuth Germanate (BGO) crystals are good nonlinear optical materials. Parameters of waveguide fabrication in both materials via implantation of MeV-energy N+ ions were optimized. First single-energy implantations at 3.5 MeV at various fluences were applied. Waveguide operation up to 1.5 lm was observed in both materials. Then double-energy implantations at a fixed upper energy of 3.5 MeV and lower energies between 2.5 and 3.1 MeV were performed to suppress leaky modes by increasing barrier width. Improvement of waveguide characteristics was found by m-line spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Planar optical waveguides Ion implantation Two-energy irradiation Er-doped tungsten–tellurite glass Sillenite type BGO M-line spectroscopy Spectroscopic ellipsometry
Subjects: T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Andrea Bolgár
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2014 12:26
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2014 06:18
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/8346

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