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An interpretation attempt of Hungarian small towns’ shrinking in a post-socialist transformation context

Trócsányi, András and Pirisi, Gábor and Máté, Éva (2018) An interpretation attempt of Hungarian small towns’ shrinking in a post-socialist transformation context. CHASOPYS SOCIALNO-EKONOMICHNOYI HEOHRAFIYI / JOURNAL OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 24 (1). pp. 5-20. ISSN 2076-1333

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Abstract

The rapid shrinking of Hungarian small towns became such a general process after the turn of the Millennium, which does not simply reflect the overall effects of the second demographic transition, and could not even be interpreted with local and regional factors. The aim of the present paper is to analyse the shrinking of small towns among the framework of post-socialists urban transformation models and concepts. Many authors have dealt with such transformation issues, but rather focusing on the description of the development of larger cities and analysing the transformation of urban space and society. Despite the evident differences caused by the size of the researched settlements (small urban centres with a maximal population of 30,000 people), some general elements of these concepts give parts of the explanations we looked for. Others are rooted much deeper: our paper finally states that the present day crisis of small towns originates back to the later decades of planned economy, when the forced and somewhat over-dimensioned odernisation of small towns resulted a significant role in the urban network. This modernisation was centrally planned, led and financed, and with the exhaustion of these exogenous sources small towns seem to return to a less intensive development path. Keywords: small towns, Hungary, shrinking, post-socialist transformation

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography / gazdasági-társadalmi földrajz > GF1 Settlement geography / településföldrajz
Depositing User: Dr. Gábor Pirisi
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 12:31
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2018 12:31
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/86256

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