CR3 is the dominant phagocytotic complement receptor on human dendritic cells.

Sándor, Noémi and Kristóf, Katalin and Paréj, Katalin and Pap, Domonkos and Erdei, Anna and Bajtay, Zsuzsanna (2013) CR3 is the dominant phagocytotic complement receptor on human dendritic cells. IMMUNOBIOLOGY, 218 (4). pp. 652-663. ISSN 0171-2985


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Dendritic cells (DCs) play a decisive role in immunity; they interact with various pathogens via several pattern recognition and different opsonophagocytotic receptors, including Fc- and complement-receptors. beta2-integrins, including complement receptors CR3 (CD11b/CD18) and CR4 (CD11c/CD18) participate in many immunological processes, especially those involving cell migration, adherence, and phagocytosis. Human monocyte derived dendritic cells (MDCs) are known to express CR3 as well as CR4, however possible differences regarding the role of these receptors has not been addressed so far. Our aim was to explore whether there is a difference between the binding and uptake of various complement-opsonized microorganisms, mediated by CR3 and CR4. Studying the expression of receptors during differentiation of MDCs we found that the appearance of CD11b decreased, whereas that of CD11c increased. Interestingly, both receptors were present in the cell membrane in an active conformation. Here we demonstrate that ligation of CD11b directs MDCs to enhanced phagocytosis, while the maturation of the cells and their inflammatory cytokine production are not affected. Blocking CD11c alone did not change the uptake of opsonized yeast or bacteria by MDCs. We confirmed these results using siRNA; namely downregulation of CD11b blocked the phagocytosis of microbes while silencing CD11c had no effect on their uptake. Our data clearly demonstrate that complement C3-dependent phagocytosis of MDCs is mediated mainly by CR3.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PHAGOCYTOSIS; Human dendritic cell; Complement C3; CD11c/CD18; CD11b/CD18; β2-Integrins
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3015 Molecular biology / molekuláris biológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia > QR180 Immunology / immunológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 10:21
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 10:21

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