Lead isotope composition and host phases in airborne particulate matter from Budapest, Hungary

Sipos, Péter and Németh, Tibor and Kovács Kis, Viktória (2013) Lead isotope composition and host phases in airborne particulate matter from Budapest, Hungary. Central European Geology, 56 (1). pp. 39-57. ISSN 1788-2281, ESSN: 1789-3348

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Lead is a frequent potentially toxic pollutant of the urban environment. Its risk assessment in the airborne particulate matter requires data both on its speciation and potential sources. In this paper we present results on detailed mineralogical (XRD and TEM) and geochemical (selective chemical extractions and lead isotope ratio analyses) study of total suspended particulate (TSP) matter samples from Budapest, Hungary to fulfil this requirements. Total lead concentrations showed significant enrichment in the studied TSP samples as compared to its geochemical background value. It could be associated to several host phases. The potentially mobile fraction of lead, which could be also harmful to human, can be as high as 16% of the total lead. This is represented by Pb sorbed on the surface of clay minerals and in form of carbonates (and sulphates). Contrarily, between 20 and 30% of total lead of TSP materials is hosted by magnetite, a highly resistant mineral. However, its fast oxidation during combustion processes to hematite and/or weathering in the acidifying urban environment to ferrihydrite may result in the enhanced mobilization of lead. Lead isotope composition of the TSP samples suggests the mixing of several sources for this metal with slight variation among the sampling sites. Despite the phasing out of leaded gasoline, its contribution to the Pb content of the TSP was observed. Our data also supported that the presence of lead of gasoline origin decreases in the airborne TSP in the last decade in Budapest. Another important source for lead is found to be the coal combustion due to domestic and industrial heating. Lead isotope ratio data suggest additional source(s) for this metal at least in certain localities, but further investigations are necessary to specify them.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE02 Geochemistry / geokémia
Depositing User: Péter Sipos
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 14:31
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 14:31

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