Global Geographical Networks of International Migration and the Hungarian Case within the Carpathian Basin, 2011-2017

Kincses, Áron (2020) Global Geographical Networks of International Migration and the Hungarian Case within the Carpathian Basin, 2011-2017. Hungarian Central Statistical Office, Budapest. ISBN 978-963-235-548-1

Text (Global geographical networks of international migration and the Hungarian case within the Carpathian Basin, 2011–2017)
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Globalization has been recognised and observed for decades. It is considered social phenomenon with excessive impact on the economy. In the globalised world of the 21st century, more complex systems have to be understood and interpreted than ever before. In response to the emergence of globalisation, new, usable tools and methods for the sound measurement of such changing phenomenon need to be found. As various activities (business, migration etc.) fall into networks, network theory is an innovative tool and approach in our globalised world that can help us handle the complexity of this century. However, so far it has not featured in mainstream official statistics. Globalisation and migration have posed many challenges, thus network theory can offer a possible solution for capturing the essence and benefits of new phenomena. Through the networks of migration countries’ (from where and to where migrants move) some of the most important and tangible outcomes of network analysis in international migration statistics and demography can be understood. As one of the results of the first part of this research, the existing hubs of international migration will be presented. Global migration destinations attract international migrants from greater distances, while migration connectivity between countries is constantly increasing. At the same time, most countries have few connections with other countries through migration, while few countries have many. This network is interconnected by hubs with multiple connectivity capabilities. There is no average receiving country or average sending country. The network is, however not fully centralised and none of its members has a relationship collecting monopoly with limitless growth. Due to its multiple centres, this type of network is much more resilient to external influences, so as long as migration plays a demographic and economic driving force, in the current global regulatory environment international migration will expand, its directions can only be influenced locally. Hungary has a unique role in international migration. Much more is being said about Hungary's emigrants these days (Blaskó Zs. – Gödri I., 2016; Siskáné et al, 2017; Egedy Tamás, 2017), than about the foreigners arriving legally to Hungary, or about Hungarian ethnicities emigrating from the other countries of the Carpathian Basin. The second part of this book analyses the facts and figures about foreign born population in Hungary, focusing on migrants arriving to Hungary from the Carpathian Basin and their geographical networks. The research introduces the current global migration trends, as well as the global migration networks followed by a picture of the present migration situation in Hungary. It presents the foreign born population living in Hungary in numbers, as well as the socio-demographic and economic characteristics from the perspective of the source and target territories, revealing the source areas of migration and the impact on the Hungarian ethnic population in the Carpathian Basin. Last, but not least, linking the two main parts of this book, the geographical networks of international migration within the Carpathian Basin from the Hungarian point of view will be analysed. The analysis interprets those involved in international migration in broad terms; as such, it is not solely focused on the movements of foreign citizens, but rather examines the effects of migration together with the naturalized Hungarians born abroad.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > G Geography (General) / Földrajz általában
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > H Social Sciences (General) / társadalomtudomány általában
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HA Statistics / statisztika
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HA Statistics / statisztika > HA1 Demography / demográfia, népesedési statisztika
J Political Science / politológia > JV International migration / nemzetközi migráció
Depositing User: dr. Áron Kincses
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 02:25
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 15:16

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