Demixing and tetratic ordering in some binary mixtures of hard superellipses

Mizani, Sakine and Gurin, Péter and Aliabadi, Roohollah and Salehi, Hamdollah and Varga, Szabolcs (2020) Demixing and tetratic ordering in some binary mixtures of hard superellipses. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 153 (3). 034501. ISSN 0021-9606


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We examine the fluid phase behavior of binary mixtures of hard superellipses using the scaled particle theory. The superellipse is a general two-dimensional convex object that can be tuned between the elliptical and rectangular shapes continuously at a given aspect ratio. We find that the shape of the particle affects strongly the stability of isotropic, nematic, and tetratic phases in the mixture even if the side lengths of both species are fixed. While the isotropic–isotropic demixing transition can be ruled out using the scaled particle theory, the first order isotropic–nematic and the nematic–nematic demixing transition can be stabilized with strong fractionation between the components. It is observed that the demixing tendency is strongest in small rectangle–large ellipse mixtures. Interestingly, it is possible to stabilize the tetratic order at lower densities in the mixture of hard squares and rectangles where the long rectangles form a nematic phase, while the squares stay in the tetratic order.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC03 Heat. Thermodinamics / hőtan, termodinamika
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Depositing User: Professor Dezső Boda
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2020 09:01
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2020 09:01

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