Totalitarianisms as political religions in the 20th century

Otto Seitschek, Hans (2021) Totalitarianisms as political religions in the 20th century. PRO PUBLICO BONO: MAGYAR KÖZIGAZGATÁS; A NEMZETI KÖZSZOLGÁLATI EGYETEM KÖZIGAZGATÁS-TUDOMÁNYI SZAKMAI FOLYÓIRATA, 9 (2). pp. 44-67. ISSN 2063-9058


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Despite all contents of secularisation, a certain kind of religious element is important in every modern totalitarian system, like Communism or National Socialism. Therefore, totalitarian systems can be regarded as political religions. The following historical and philosophical reflections on the history of ideas of political religions will contain three major parts: First, early uses of the concept ‘political religion’ by Campanella and Clasen in the 16th and 17th centuries will be considered, then the interpretation of totalitarianism as political religion will be analysed, with regards to Eric Voegelin, Raymond Aron and several ramifications, and finally, the perspective of political messianism in Jacob Leib Talmon’s work will be discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ideology, political messianism, political theology, religion and politics, secular religions, secularism, theory of totalitarianism
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BL Religion / vallás
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > H Social Sciences (General) / társadalomtudomány általában
J Political Science / politológia > JA Political science (General) / politológia általában
Depositing User: Zsolt Baráth
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2021 12:02
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2021 12:02

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