5G on the Roads: Latency-Optimized Federated Analytics in the Vehicular Edge

Toka, László and Konrád, Márk and Pelle, István and Sonkoly, Balázs and Szabó, Marcell (2023) 5G on the Roads: Latency-Optimized Federated Analytics in the Vehicular Edge. IEEE ACCESS, 11. pp. 81737-81752. ISSN 2169-3536

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Coordination among vehicular actors becomes increasingly important at the dawn of autonomous driving. With communication serving as the basis for this process, latency emerges as a critical limiting factor in information gathering, processing, and redistribution. While these processes have further implications on data privacy, they are also fundamental in safety and efficiency aspects. In this work, we target exactly these areas: we propose a privacy-preserving system for collecting and sharing data in highmobility automotive environments that aims to minimize the latency of these processes. Namely, we focus on keeping high definition maps (highly accurate environmental and road maps with dynamic information) up-to-date in a crowd-sourced fashion. We employ federated analytics for privacy-preserving, low-latency, scalable processing and data distribution running over a two-tiered infrastructural layout consisting of mobile vehicular nodes and static nodes leveraging the low latency, high throughput and broadcast capabilities of the 5G edge. We take advantage of this setup by proposing queuing theory based analytical models and optimizations to minimize information delivery latency. As our numerical simulations over wide parameterranges indicate, the latency of timely data distribution can be decreased only with careful system planning and 5G infrastructure. We obtain the optimal latency characteristics in densely populated central metropolitan scenarios when Gb/s uplink speeds are achievable and the coverage area (map segment size) can reach a diameter of 1 km.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika > QA76.527 Network technologies / Internetworking / hálózati technológiák, hálózatosodás
Depositing User: Dr. László Toka
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2023 13:11
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2023 13:11

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