Papok, varázskönyvek és az ördög. Exorcizmus a kora újkori Katalóniában = Priests, books and the devil. Practices of Exorcism in Early Modern Catalonia. (The case of father Pere Amich)

Smid, Bernadett (2023) Papok, varázskönyvek és az ördög. Exorcizmus a kora újkori Katalóniában = Priests, books and the devil. Practices of Exorcism in Early Modern Catalonia. (The case of father Pere Amich). Népi igények – papi szolgáltatások. Liturgia és paraliturgia a földi boldogulás szolgálatában a kora újkortól napjainkig.. pp. 34-70. (In Press)

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During the religious renewal and Catholic Reform, Catholic authorities paid greater attention to separating the spheres of illicit folk magic, illicit and licit church-magical practices. They tried to eradicate or reform the criticized patterns. These renewal efforts can also be traced in the Spanish demonological treatises from the 16th Century. The reform-minded Pedro Ciruelo, great defender of catholic orthodoxy and the Franciscan friar, Martín de Castañega, both formulated the objectionable elements they found in contemporary exorcist practices. Of the two treatises, Ciruelo’s work gained greater popularity. Even a hundred and ten years after its first appearance in 1530, it served as a guideline among clergy to decide where the line was between permitted and prohibited religious routines. Ciruelo's treatise also reveals that in addition to the digressions of the priests authorized to exorcise, the practices of lay exorcists (and the so called „spirit extractors”) were also a matter of concern for the Church. Looking at the statistics on superstition trials of the Inquisition of the Court of Barcelona, it is striking that in early modern times repression was more prevalent against man than in other Spanish courts. The proportion of ecclesiastical persons, especially the secular clergy is outstanding among them. In connection with my previous inquisition researches, in this paper I would like to present a trial that took place in 1637. This source documents the exorcist practice of the Catalan Father Pere Amich in Tàrrega. The aim of my paper is to present an ordinary exorcism against maleficium, and beside that the unorthodox readings and manuscript texts the Father's ritual consisted of in practice. This paper also explain the ritual elements, objects and system of gestures having been used in his healing acts in order to shed more light on the early modern practice of using different manuals and effective texts for exorcism in accordance with the local needs. This extended case study helps to understand the stratification and diversity of the ritual texts, the importance of exorcism as ordinary healing act against a disease believed to be of harmful magical origin, their magical elements in the early modern Catalonia, their connections with the Italian exorcismal literature, and last but not least, the possible role of Saint Cyprian's prayer in the exorcism ritual in the north-eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World / történelem > DP Spain / Spanyolország
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GR Folklore / etnológia, folklór, kulturális antropológia
Depositing User: PhD Mária Bernadett Smid
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2023 08:49
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2023 08:49

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