Experimental study of the CO2 saturated water – clay system at 70- 180 bars and 80-100 °C

Sendula, Eszter and Páles, Mariann and Kovács, István János and Udvardi, Beatrix and Kónya, Péter and Besnyi, Anikó and Freiler, Ágnes and Szabó, Péter and Király, Csilla and Székely, Edit and Szabó, Csaba and Falus, György (2015) Experimental study of the CO2 saturated water – clay system at 70- 180 bars and 80-100 °C. In: Goldschmidt 2015, 16–21 Aug 2015., Prague.

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Caprock integrity is one of the most important factors regarding the long-term safe underground storage of CO2 in saline aquifers. As a result of geochemical reactions among the caprock mineralogy and CO2 saturated pore water, the physical properties of caprock such as porosity, permeability and tortuosity may change, which could affect its sealing capacity. Due to the commonly high clay mineral content of caprocks, the reactivity of these minerals should be wellstudied in CO2 saturated reservoir conditions. The main aim of the present study is filling the gap of experimental results in order to understand better the geochemical behavior of CO2 – brine – clay mineral system. For this reason, 1-2 weeks long laboratory experiments and geochemical modeling were carried out under reservoir conditions (70-180 bars and 85-100 °C) using international illite (IMt-1), kaolinite (KGa-1b) and Na-montmorillonite (SWy-2) standards. The resulting solid phases were examined by ATR-FTIR and XRD, whereas the fluid compositions were measured by ICP-AES. For comparison, control samples were also studied the same way as the CO2-exposed samples. The experimental results indicate rapid and total dissolution of carbonates, initially present in the samples, and slight increase in the amount of smectite in the CO2-treated samples. Furthermore, the experienced shift of initial d001 spacing by about 1 Å in smectites (XRD) could be the result of both Ca-exchange and/or CO2 incorporation into the interlayer.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD06 Mineralogy / ásványtan
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE02 Geochemistry / geokémia
Depositing User: Dr. István János Kovács
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2015 12:30
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2015 12:30

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