Paleoradiológia: non-invazív módszertani lehetőség a történeti antropológiában

Kristóf, Lilla Alida (2016) Paleoradiológia: non-invazív módszertani lehetőség a történeti antropológiában. Anthropologiai Közlemények, 57. pp. 101-107. ISSN 0003-5440


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The research results confirmed that paleoradiology is a useful examination approach in bioarcheology and historical anthropology, especially in mummy studies. The non-invasive technology facilitates insight into the remains of the body and the bone structure. Next to anthropological age estimation and paleopathological diagnostics, it is also possible to take measurements of bones to tenth of millimetre accuracy, providing bases for development of new anthropometrical techniques. CT data provide basis for virtual 3D reconstruction and printing of any skeletal element or mummified body part, which is of crucial importance in case of skulls and facial reconstructions. The paleoradiological investigations in the case studies of the dissertation yielded several new results with importance not only in physical anthropology but also in historical fields. Replicability of the results may refine hypotheses concerning the life of historical personalities and fate of their dead bodies. The case of Archbishop Pál Széchényi proves that embalming was an established practice in the Baroque era in 11 cases of funerals of high-ranking priests and noblemen. Embalming being involved in medieval royal mortuary practices may be very likely on the basis of research results concerning the Holy Right Hand, but it may also be proposed in case of St. László’s skull relic. Paleoradiological examinations of the relics of two early Christian martyrs provided novel anthropological knowledge and important cultural and historical data. Paleoradiological results of the last century in Hungary and especially research in the last decades drew attention to the strong need for a national paleoradiological centre or platform serving anthropological, paleopathological, archeological and historical research projects that could dramatically increase the efficiency and productivity of these interdisciplinary research initiatives.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > C Auxiliary sciences of history (General) / történeti segédtudományok általában
C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 13:46
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 13:41

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