The Hungarian colour terms piros and vörös : A corpus and cognitive linguistic account

Benczes, Réka and Tóth-Czifra, Erzsébet (2014) The Hungarian colour terms piros and vörös : A corpus and cognitive linguistic account. Acta Linguistica Hungarica, 61 (2). pp. 123-152. ISSN 1216-8076


Download (314kB) | Preview


A number of studies have been written on the Hungarian colour terms piros and vörös, both denoting ‘red’, focusing on either one of the following questions: (1) disambiguating the meanings of the two terms; or (2) their status in Hungarian as basic colour terms. The present paper attempts to resolve these issues in one go by adopting a combined approach of corpus and cognitive linguistics. The paper makes the following three hypotheses: (1) as vörös had more time to undergo idiomatization, there will be significant differences and systematic trends between the type/token ratios of the two terms; (2) piros is a more generic term used for a larger and looser range of concepts, while vörös is associated with a more limited range of concepts; and (3) piros is mostly used in its primary, literal sense, while vörös is more inclined to be used in a figurative sense. After a thorough corpus and cognitive linguistic analysis of data extracted from the updated Hungarian National Corpus, the paper comes to the general conclusion that vörös is not a basic colour term of Hungarian.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: P Language and Literature / nyelvészet és irodalom > P0 Philology. Linguistics / filológia, nyelvészet
Depositing User: László Sallai-Tóth
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 11:39
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2019 23:15

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item