Ordering transitions of weakly anisotropic hard rods in narrow slitlike pores

Aliabadi, Roohollah and Gurin, Péter and Velasco, Enrique and Varga, Szabolcs (2018) Ordering transitions of weakly anisotropic hard rods in narrow slitlike pores. PHYSICAL REVIEW E - STATISTICAL, NONLINEAR AND SOFT MATTER PHYSICS, 97 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 1539-3755


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The effect of strong confinement on the positional and orientational ordering is examined in a system of hard rectangular rods with length L and diameter D (L>D) using the Parsons-Lee modification of the second virial density-functional theory. The rods are nonmesogenic (L/D<3) and confined between two parallel hard walls, where the width of the pore (H) is chosen in such a way that both planar (particle's long axis parallel to the walls) and homeotropic (particle's long axis perpendicular to the walls) orderings are possible and a maximum of two layers is allowed to form in the pore. In the extreme confinement limit of H≤2D, where only one-layer structures appear, we observe a structural transition from a planar to a homeotropic fluid layer with increasing density, which becomes sharper as L→H. In wider pores (2D<H<3D) planar order with two layers, homeotropic order, and even combined bilayer structures (one layer is homeotropic, while the other is planar) can be stabilized at high densities. Moreover, first-order phase transitions can be seen between different structures. One of them emerges between a monolayer and a bilayer with planar orders at relatively low packing fractions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC03 Heat. Thermodinamics / hőtan, termodinamika
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Depositing User: Professor Dezső Boda
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2018 10:45
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2018 10:45

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