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Heraldische Repräsentation der Jagiellonen und der Habsburger

Pálffy, Géza (2015) Heraldische Repräsentation der Jagiellonen und der Habsburger. HISTORIE – OTÁZKY – PROBLÉMY, 7 (2). pp. 176-190. ISSN 1804-1132

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Abstract

The study examines a series of coats of arms of the Hungarian and Bohemian Lands on the late Gothic Royal Oratory of Cathedral of Saint Vitus in the Central European context. An analysis of the history of coats of arms of the Lands of the Hungarian Crown, and principally that of Bosnia, has resulted in three new findings. On the one hand, contrary to previous concepts, the creation of the series of coats of arms and along with this the completion of the Oratory did not take place in the first half of the 1490s, that is, at the beginning of the reign of Vladislaus II Jagiello (1490–1516), but probably in the 1510s–1520s. The occasion must have presented itself during the Bohemian sojourn of Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia (1516–1526) and his wife in 1522–1523, and, presumably, the coronation of Mary of Hungary in Saint Vitus Cathedral on 6 June 1522. On the other hand, the Bosnian coat of arms proves that the coats of arms of the Lands of the Hungarian Crown on he Royal Oratory were taken over from the heraldic representation of Emperor Maximilian I in Innsbruck instead of those of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Prague or Buda, where those were present on several such memorials from the late 1490s ( Wappenturm , Triumphzug , Ehrenpforte ). At this time it was only in the Habsburg heraldic representations that Bosnia was represented by an armour-clad hand wielding a sword, while in Hungarian practice the south Slavic kingdom’s coat of arms bore two crowns. Thirdly, based on new research it can be stated that the coat of arms of Upper Lusatia, situated on the balustrade, could have only been placed among the coats of arms of the Lands of the Hungarian Crown during an erroneous restoration attempt at the end of the 19 th century. Originally, the coat of arms standing between those of the Kingdoms of Dalmatia and Bosnia must have been that of Croatia whose checked coat of arms was probably confused with a similar one of Upper Lusatia depicting a castle wall.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World / történelem > DN Middle Europe / Közép-Európa > DN1 Hungary / Magyarország
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 08:29
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2016 08:29
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/38050

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